Standard Patterns

Standard Patterns

Don’t Let The Obvious Fool You

Ellen Parker

On occasion, a breeder or pedigree student will call us and say, “Guess what? My mare is inbred to Selene, or my mare is inbred to Plucky Liege.”  We then have to take a deep breath and say, “They almost all are”, effectively taking the wind out of the poor soul’s sails.

Because the truth of the matter is that there are three major mares:  Selene, Plucky Liege and Lady Josephine that have so many important sire sons that they are duplicated in almost every horse’s pedigree.  So inbreeding to Selene or Plucky Liege or Mumtaz Mahal/Lady Juror is neither rare or unusual.  As a matter of fact, it is so common that one only notices it when it is absent in a pedigree.

As with any rule, there is an exception.  There are very few daughter crosses of Selene left in this country.  Many of them went to Australia and New Zealand partly because of the great sire Sir Tristram who was tail-female to Selene via All Moonshine (his third dam) and partly because American breeders failed to note their import in time to save the daughter lines.

So finding All Moonshine in American pedigrees has become rather difficult.  She is most commonly found via son Mossborough (e. g. in the pedigree of Stage Door Johnny or Broodmare of the Year Northern Sunset).  So even a single daughter cross of Selene is not totally uncommon.  However, when one finds two or more daughter crosses of Selene (and we do not mean a double of Mossborough), then we are discussing something really unique – at least in the U. S.

In recent years, it has been our pleasure to be the pedigree advisor for Ellen Jackson’s Victory Rose Thoroughbreds in Vacaville, Calif.  Ms. Jackson stands the uniquely bred stallion Pharisien (FR), a double G2 winner by Kenmare. And within Pharisien’s lineage are several lines of solid gold.

This year, the farm welcomed a son of Pharisien out of the mare Rainbow Shower.  The little fellow is inbred to All Moonshine 6 x 5 or to half siblings Mossborough/All My Eye 5 x 4.   Which is quite rare in an American Thoroughbred.  This year, Pharisien will also be mated to a Sir Tristram daughter – again giving two daughter lines of Selene via Mossborough/All My Eye.

Pharisien also has a cross of one of only two full sisters to *Nasrullah, a mare named Rivaz.  Whenever possible, we have sent mares by Prince Taj-line Petrone and his son Silveyville to Pharisien because Prince Taj has a cross of the other full sister to *Nasrullah, Malindi.   How often do you think one finds both full sisters to *Nasrullah in one pedigree?   And might you not think it far more special than say a cross of Mumtaz Begum (dam of *Nasrullah) crossed back to her three-quarter brother *Mahmoud?   I should say so!   We see *Nasrullah/*Mahmoud crosses every day of the week, but not Rivaz/Malindi crosses.

Plucky Liege is a little bit different.   She has a major daughter branch via *Marguerite de Valois, a full sister to *Sir Gallahad III, *Bull Dog and *Quatre Bras.   She is also the tail-female line of Fappiano and Quiet American is inbred to her top and bottom.  Young sires from this immediate branch of Plucky Liege include Torrential, Golden Gear, Dare And Go and Honour And Glory and Lord Gaylord, sire of Lord Avie, is also a tail-female descendent of *Marguerite de Valois.

Quiet American has already proved the efficacy of a *Marguerite de Valois double, but what about adding a cross of her only full sister, Noor Jahan?  Where might you find that cross?  Well, one place to look is in the pedigree of Kingmambo and his full brother Miesque’s Son, since their dam Miesque carries a line of Noor Jahan via Sanctus, sire of her second dam, Santa Quilla.

Other thoughts are Chief Singer, Distant View and our previously-mentioned Silveyville.  Like Sanctus, all trace to Noor Jahan in tail-female.  Don’t you imagine it is far more unusual to find inbreeding to full sisters *Marguerite de Valois and Noor Jahan than a whole bunch of *Sir Gallahad III/*Bull Dog, which is virtually everywhere?

This is why we refer to these everyday crosses as “standard patterns”.  That does not mean they have no effect on a pedigree, of course they do . But because we see so much of them they do not have any unique effect.  There simply is nothing unusual about finding *Sickle (tail-male of Native Dancer); *Pharamond II (tail-male of Tom Fool) or Hyperion (*Forli, Nodouble, etc.) all in one pedigree.  In fact, as we mentioned earlier, it is more usual not to find them than to find them.  But if you have two daughter crosses of Selene, ah!  Then you really have something rare.

The same is true of inbreeding to Plucky Liege sons.  When a mare has four Chef-de-Race sons (*Bull Dog, *Sir Gallahad III, Bois Roussel and Admiral Drake) it’s not too hard to find all those fellows in one pedigree.  So when one sees them in a pedigree four or five times, yes, it’s inbreeding to Plucky Liege, but no, it’s not very rare.

Ditto the Mumtaz Mahal connection.  It’s darn rare to find Malindi and Rivaz back to *Nasrullah or Tessa Gillian or Alassio (the full sisters to *Royal Charger) crossed back to him, or a cross of *Royal Charger’s full brother Madara.  But seeing *Nasrullah and *Royal Charger or that pair plus *Mahmoud is as common as green grass in the springtime.

Lady Juror is somewhat more rare, though *Forli is inbred to her via Fair Trial and Riot and we frequently find Tudor Minstrel who is out of a half sister to both those horses.   But when we start seeing *Forli crossed on a mare with crosses of Tudor Minstrel/Jurisdiction or The Recorder/Dissenter, then we are onto something because that is four far more unusual crosses of a mare who appears in European pedigrees more frequently than in American pedigrees.

One more rather common standard pattern is Fairway/Pharos (full brothers by Phalaris-Scapa Flow).   But imagine what happens if you cross Island Whirl on a mare with *Herbager – only Fairway/Pharos plus Fairway’s full sister Fair Isle and the mare Pladda, a three-quarter sister to all of them.

So inbreeding to great mares is, indeed, a wonderful idea.  But be creative and use that idea the best way.  And whatever you do, don’t let someone tell you that because your mare has a *Pharamond II/*Sickle cross that you have something unique or special.  It simply is not so.

Recently, we had a client tell us that his mare had something really unusual as she was inbred to Selene via four different sons – Hyperion/*Sickle/*Pharamond II and Hunter’s Moon.   I didn’t really want to rain on the poor man’s parade, but when one looks at as many pedigrees as I do, it doesn’t take long to know that Hunter’s Moon is not all that hard to find.

There are some wonderful way to combine relatives of the best families in pedigrees.  Yes, it takes a little time and it takes some serious study.   But don’t you imagine it would be worth it to own a Quiet American?   We certainly think so.

Check the list below for some of the ways to find the key horses:

Selene Daughters

Coronal, 1932 by Coronach – Found in the Pedigree of:

Afghan II, 1939 c. by *Mahmoud

Our Maizcay, 1992 c. by Maizcay

Moon Priestess, 1937 f. by Dastur – Found in the Pedigree of:

Sabaean, 1945 c. by Blue Peter

New Moon, 1940 f. by Solfo – Found in the Pedigree of:

Wassl, 1980 c. by Mill Reef

Star Way, 1977 c. by Star Appeal

Piazzetta, 1983 c. by Star Appeal

All Moonshine, 1941 f. by Bobsleigh – Found in the Pedigree of:

Sir Tristram, 1971 c. by Sir Ivor

Frenchpark, 1990 c. by Fools Holme

Mossborough, 1947 c. by Nearco

Cat Luck, 1971 f. by Raise A Native

Lucky Lucky Lucky, 1981 f. by Chieftain

Topanoora, 1987 c. by Ahonoora

Final Appearance, 1992 c. by Sadler’s Wells

Creese, 1983 c. by Kris


Noor Jahan, 1921 f. by Teddy (Sister to *Marguerite de Valois, *Sir Gallahad III, *Bull Dog,

*Quatre Bras), etc.

Found in the Pedigree of –

Sanctus, 1960 c. by Fine Top

Le Marmot, 1976 c. by Amarko

Winged Love, 1992 c. by In The Wings

Distant View, 1991 c. by Mr. Prospector

Chief Singer, 1981 c. by Ballad Rock

Theatre Critic, 1987 c. by Sadler’s Wells


Rivaz (1943) and Malindi (1947) by Nearco-Mumtaz Begum. Full Sisters to *Nasrullah

Found in the pedigree of –


Kalamoun, 1970 c. by Zeddaan

Habat, 1971 c. by Habitat

Khairpour, 1979 c. by Arctic Tern

Spicy Living, 1960 by *Gallant Man


Prince Taj, 1954 c. by Prince Taj

Oh So Far, 1967 f. by Graustark

Oh So Sharp, 1983 f. by Kris

Chanderelle, 1971 f. by Graustark

River Bay, 1993 c. by Irish River


Alassio, 1947 by Dante; Tessa Gillian, 1950, and Madara, 1949 by Nearco, three-quarter and full siblings to *Royal Charger respectively

Found in the pedigree of –


Saros, 1974 c. by Sassafras

French Sassafras, c. 1978 by Sassafras


Cougar II, 1966 c. by Tale of Two Cities

Present Value, c. 1984 by Halo

Tessa Gillian

Jalmoon, 1985 by c. Jalmood

Eight Carat, 1975 f. by Pieces Of Eight

Kaapstad, 1984 c. by Sir Tristram

Danewin, 1991 c. by Danehill


Lady Juror’s Major Offspring

Jurisdiction, 1925 f. by Abbots Trace – found in Runaway Groom, Kashmir

Riot, 1929 Colorado – found in *Forli

Fair Trial, 1932 c. by Fairway – found in Court Martial, Palestine, etc.

Sansonnet, 1933 f. by Sansovino – found in Tudor Minstrel, Son of Briartic, Navarone

The Recorder, c. 1927 by Captain Cuttle – found in Mustang

This list is not complete, nor does it take into consideration close relations like Badruddin/*Mahmoud/Mumtaz Begum/Mah Iran.  That kind of thing is why the Reine-de-Course list was first originated – so that breeders could learn some of these things for themselves.  And why is that important?  So that when one comes across similarly bred horses, he understands how patterns emerge in different pedigrees, that is why.  Which is the whole purpose of using strong female families in the first place – as the basis of the breed, it is where we begin.  Where the adventure takes us is only limited by our imagination – and sometimes by our resources.