Maggie B. B.

If someone asked the top 10 breeders in the country today to name the dozen greatest broodmares of all time, they no doubt would come up with a list which included well-known names like *La Troienne, Plucky Liege and Selene and perhaps more recent top ones like Grey Flight.  However, odds are no one would even think of Maggie B. B.

We were guilty ourselves when naming Alablue a Reine-de-Course, stating that she traced to the mare Madeline.  Which is true, but she traces to Madeline via Maggie B. B. and it would have been more respectful to this great mare to say that Alablue descended from the Jaconet branch of Maggie B. B.

We cannot have the dam of the first American-bred Epsom Derby winner (Iroquois) resting uneasily under the magnolia trees where she was buried at Erdenheim Stud, and since we have made a beginning with Alablue, we intend to keep on going until all of Maggie B. B.’s branches are covered.  Thus, this is as good a time as any to discuss something about the great mare herself.

Maggie B. B., a foal of 1867, was by Australian (the Matchem line stallion which was eventually responsible for Man o’ War)-Madeline by Boston (sire of Lexington) and was described as a small mare, around 15 hands 1″ in training, with a deep barrel and a high-set tail.  Of her true appearance, we have but sketches, for horses were seldom photographed in the late 1800’s, so it is difficult to know how she would compare to today’s Thoroughbred who is more than a century older.  We do know her by her influence, however, and before she died at the age of 22 she wrought a dynasty for which she is seldom given even half the credit she deserves.

Maggie B. B. was bred by James B. Clay and was named after a girl he wanted to marry.  She won three of her seven starts, finishing second in all the others.  Her three wins were in a $200 sweepstake at Keeneland over one mile; the one mile Young America Stakes at Nashville (a $300 purse); and the two-mile Sequel Stakes at Saratoga, with a $1,550 value.  She was considered the best of her age at two and was sold to Mr. M. A. Littell of New York, then to Aristides Welch and eventually to James A. Kittson.

It was Kittson who owned her until her death and when she passed away on Nov. 6, 1889, he wrote to “The Spirit Of The Times” that their old favorite had passed and that “she is a loss to us that we cannot replace”.  Her obituary chronicles not only her wins and produce record, but something of her personality, her maternal instinct in particular.  “…..she would not let us go near her strapping colt.  Maggie is one of the best of that generation of old stud mothers who, like the mother of Gracchi, when asked for her jewels pointed to her sons.”

Today Maggie B. B.’s influence has so permeated the breed that only recently we noticed 11 crosses of Maggie B. B. in Holy Bull’s pedigree without even looking very hard. Just the most notable of her produce occupies some seven pages in the Family Tables of Racehorses and includes so many Grade or Group I winners that even to the untrained eye it is clear that this is a mare whose story should be told in book form.

Maggie B. B. foaled three classic winners herself:  Harold, a Preakness winner; Iroquois, the great son of Leamington who won the Epsom Derby and St. Leger; and Panique, a Belmont winner.  Other important horses tracing to her include Kentucky Derby winners Lawrin, Middleground, Sunny’s Halo and Venetian Way; Kentucky or Coaching Club American Oaks winners Inscolassie, Rose of Sharon, Challe Ann, Suntica, Summer Guest and Top Flight; Belmont winners Sir Dixon, Middleground and Crusader; Champions Life’s Magic and Magic of Life, multiple Grade I winners Bald Eagle, Seattle Song, Miss Oceana, and Mitterand as well as highly-regarded sire  Dixieland Band and multiple Grade I winner Unbridled’s Song.

Among the more important breeders who valued her blood and attempted to accumulate it were Harry Payne Whitney and John E. Madden.  Whitney, it will be remembered, stood Whisk Broom II, one of Audience’s sons and the first winner of the Handicap Triple Crown (the Metropolitan Mile and Suburban and Brooklyn Handicaps.)  Today the 11th and 12th generation of producers from this family are scattered around, but their ability to produce major winners has not lessened, but has merely pollinated the breed with more of Maggie B.B.’s enviable genes.

Obviously, it is impossible to cover the entire Maggie B. B. clan in just one article.  Our current story deals with just two sub-branches of this incredible family, Audience and Martha Gorman, full sisters by Sir Dixon-Sallie McClelland out of Red-And-Blue out of Maggie B.B.  Fittingly, these mares were inbred 3 x 3 to Maggie B. B., perhaps helping to explain their prepotency.

While it is admittedly just a beginning (or a continuation if Alablue is counted), let us explore the great gifts of Audience and Martha Gorman, keeping in mind all the while that their inbreeding to Maggie B. B. helped to give us such diverse stars of the breed as American broodmare of the year Fall Aspen and that greatest of Thoroughbred showmen, Silky Sullivan.

The Audience Branch:

The Audience sub-branch of Maggie B. B.’s family is actually a far larger one than Martha Gorman’s.  However, the latter’s had had some ill luck, as we shall see a little later.

Despite containing such highly regarded champions as Top Flight, Sikeston, Blue Peter, Kentucky Derby winner Venetian Way and the world’s most exciting come-from-behind runner, Silky Sullivan, it is the Portage group of mares belonging to this line upon which most of the recent attention has been lavished, and with good reason.

Recently, Breeders’ Cup Mile winner Cozzene, a member of this line, became the leading American sire when his son, Alphabet Soup defeated Cigar and others in the 1996 Breeders’ Cup Classic.  Alphabet Soup was the second Breeders’ Cup winner for Cozzene, following 1994 Breeders’ Cup Turf winner Tikkanen.

As if to emphasize the versatility of the Portage group of horses, the Pretense mare Fall Aspen was named Broodmare of the Year in 1994.  Few are so worthy of that honor.  Fall Aspen had foaled seven stakes winner, all by different stallions, when she sold for $1.1 million in foal to Shareef Dancer in 1988.  It would be rather difficult to argue with the price, as the family also seems to be breeding on.

Though all the obvious things were written about Fall Aspen’s pedigree at the time, nowhere was it mentioned that her dam, Change Water, owned three Maggie B. B. crosses and two more of Magnolia, second dam of Maggie B. B.

A Grade I winner herself, Fall Aspen was a half sister to the *Royal Charger stakes winner and useful sire Rainy Lake and to the Fall Highweight winner Pack Trip by *My Babu.  While not all her stakes winners were top-notch, nearly all her foals could run.  Timber Country was, of course, a classic winner and champion, but his three-quarter brother Prince Of Thieves, had more promise than he ever delivered and broke down and was destroyed on the course.  (Unfortunately there is some evidence beyond Prince of Thieves that Fall Aspen may be a source of unsoundness as well as excellence (see PEDLINES #66, July 2001).

Northern Aspen and Colorado Dancer both were Group II winners in Europe and the latter has already produced a Group II placed colt named Denver County by Mr. Prospector.  Fort Wood, by Sadler’s Wells, won the Grand Prix de Paris (Group I), Elle Seule was a Group II winner in Europe and has produced a Group II winner, while Hamas (Group I) and Mazzacano (Group III) also won in Europe.  Another daughter, Native Aspen was stakes placed, while two less successful racing daughters, Sheroog, a winner, is a stakes producer, as is unraced Dance of Leaves.  Dance of Leaves, in fact, has produced a champion (Charnwood Forest) and a Group I winner (Medaaly), so there is certainly no lessening of quality as the family moves into successive generations.

The same can be said for Cozzene.  An Arabian-looking son of Caro, Cozzene’s third dam, Blue Canoe, is a half sister to Change Water, dam of Fall Aspen. All five of his first dams, including Portage and her dam Carillon, were bred by Joseph M. Roebling.  Carillon (Cozzene’s fifth dam and the third dam of Fall Aspen), was produced from a mating planned by Roebling, and his plan turned out very well.  From Carillon’s roots alone we have the Fall Aspen branch, the Blue Canoe branch and champion Blue Peter.

Cozzene came to hand late as a runner and had his best year at age five, when he won the Breeders’ Cup Mile in 1985, the second year of the Breeders’ Cup.  Who that witnessed the winner’s circle scene with winning owner John Nerud and his son Jan, Cozzene’s trainer, can ever forget it?  Here was the man who had trained *Gallant Man, Fappiano and Dr. Fager extolling the fans who were watching to “come see our beautiful sport – we don’t even care if you bet”.  It was among the first of many classic Breeders’ Cup memories.

Cozzene has been a wonderful sire and the rise of Alphabet Soup has emphasized that his get do not have to have turf to do their best racing.  However, in all honesty, most of his major runners have preferred that surface as their sire did and he has sired champions Environment Friend (England); Cozzene’s Prince and Hasten To Add (Canada) and near-champion Star of Cozzene.  At $60,000, he remains one of the most fairly-priced stallions in Kentucky.

Thus even if the Portage branch of this family were to produce no other good ones, it can still be said of Maggie B. B.’s granddaughter Audience that a very good stallion (Cozzene) and a great broodmare (Fall Aspen) have descended from thse roots and will be enriching pedigrees for some years to come.

The Martha Gorman Branch:

This group of mares pretty much relies upon the produce of the 1938 *Sickle mare Misty Isle for its newsmakers.  Misty Isle, winner of the Matron, Hyde Park, and Lafayette Stakes was bred by Joseph E. Widener and was described as “an exquisite daughter of *Sickle”  who was  “in addition to being one of the best performers of her age and sex is quite the loveliest that the season – or many past for that matter, has produced”.  Misty Isle had a unique pedigree to go with those good looks in that her dam, Seven Pines, was inbred 3 x 3 to Martha Gorman.  By the time Misty Isle’s great-granddaughter Ole Liz was born, the Maggie B. B. influence was increased, as her sire Double Jay added two more Maggie B. B. crosses through Audience.

Keeping in mind that Audience and Martha Gorman were full sisters and that each was inbred to Maggie B. B. 3 x 3, that accounts for six crosses of “Maggie”, once again without a whole lot of digging into the pedigree.  What happened with all this firepower?

Largely, a group of fine fillies and a good sire, just like the produce of Audience’s Portage branch.  Here we find such smashing Grade I winners as Magic of Life, Miss Oceana, Sabin, Life’s Magic and Bishop’s Ring.

Moving right along to the sire, there is Dixieland Band, the Northern Dancer son who won the Grade II Pennsylvania Derby and has sired at least 86 stakes winners including Drum Taps; Cotton Carnival; Check The Bank; Egyptband; Dixie Union; Del Mar Dennis; Stark South and Spinning Round. While some of his get seem to be a bit fragile, he was not the author of the branch’s greatest tragedy.  That belongs to Miss Oceana, the multiple Grade I winner from Alydar’s first crop.

“Miss O” as she was affectionately known, was a runner from the get-go.  In Woody Stephens’ barn, this gorgeous, feminine filly did very little wrong, losing the two year old filly championship to another daughter of Alydar, Althea, even though she won three Grade I races and placed in another.  The following year, while Althea chased colts, Miss Oceana – ever the feminine one – stayed with her own sex and won three more Grade I’s as well as three  other stakes.  She also placed in five Grade I’s and a Grade II.  With over $1 million in the bank and 18 placings from 19 career stars, she was a sterling broodmare prospect.

As befit her pedigree, race record and outstanding appearance, Miss Oceana was a world-record priced broodmare at $7 million in foal to Northern Dancer.  Financier Carl Icahan purchased her in the name of his Foxfield Farm, but in Wall Street terms, Miss Oceana was a bad investment, though not because of anything other than sheer ill fortune.

The foal she was carrying at the time of her purchase, a flashy looking Northern Dancer colt named Oceanic Dancer, was a $1.7 million Saratoga buyback.  He ran once, earned $170.00 and ended up at stud in Venezuela.

Miss Oceana had not been bred the year Oceanic Dancer was foaled, as the colt was born in late May, but in 1986 she was covered by Seattle Slew and the following spring, when foaling the colt who would race as Cien Fuegos, she suffered a rupture of the cecum (the first part of the large intestine) and could not be saved.  For a time, it appeared that Cien Fuegos would be a worthy epitaph.  He started out well, then seemed to never recover from a try in the Hollywood Futurity which was too much too soon for him.  He ended up with 12 starts, a win and two seconds and earnings of $33,100.  He had been a $450,000 yearling.

As sad as Miss Oceana’s story was, and with no daughter to carry on, two things are good to know.  First is that Cien Fuegos is alive and well and stands in Texas and second is that Miss Oceana’s full sisters Kittihawk Miss and Sea Wake are also alive and producing.

Better luck came in the form of a tougher member of the Misty Isle family via the Double Jay mare Bourbon Mist, a full sister to Ole Liz.  Bourbon Mist was a winner and she produced two stakes horses – Issues N’ Answers and the Tom Rolfe filly Fire Water.

In 1980 Fire Water was covered by the good handicap runner Cox’s Ridge and the following spring she produced one of the toughest, strongest and most consistent female runners the turf has seen in years.  Named Life’s Magic, this champion mare ran 32 times and earned $2.3 million.

Often racing against colts, Life’s Magic was as ambitiously placed in her handicap years as any mare in recent memory, yet she placed in the Santa Anita, the Suburban, Brooklyn and Whitney Handicaps – all Grade I contests in which the country’s best colts routinely run.

Against her own sex, she won five Grade I’s – the Oak Leaf at two; the Beldame, Mother Goose and Alabama at three, and the Breeders’ Cup Distaff at four.  She also won or placed in 19 other graded stakes, most of them Grade I’s.

Although she has not set the world on fire as a broodmare, she has produced stakes placed Magic Prospect and Alfaari.  What is shocking is that both of these colts have placed in stakes on the Northern California fair circuit.  One would have hoped for somewhat more from such a mare.  (In PEDLINES #68 & #69 [Sept. and Dec. 2001], the best way to save her contribution was discussed, provided it is not already too late.  If someone is paying attention, perhaps she may still be the future of the Martha Gorman line).

A few minor words about the pedigrees of Audience and Martha Gorman.  We have already mentioned that the two sisters were inbred to Maggie B. B. via their great ancestor’s daughters Jaconet and Red-and-Blue.  Their sire was a horse named Sir Dixon, out of Jaconet.  In an article on Sir Dixon in “Names In Pedigrees” we are told that Jaconet suffered from “big head disease”, a catch-all phrase to describe a disfigurement of the skull.  Though she was noted to “never amount to much” as a runner, apparently this problem was cured, for it is not mentioned again.

When “Names In Pedigrees” was written in 1939, author Joe H. Palmer noted that, “Sir Dixon’s capable sons have gone, leaving no others to succeed them. The connection of Sir Dixon with modern pedigrees comes through a few daughters, particularly Martha Gorman, Yankee Girl and Audience.”

Yankee Girl does not trace to Maggie B. B., but now Audience and Martha Gorman  have their due.  In keeping with tradition, we here name Maggie B. B. herself, along with her descendents Red-And-Blue, Audience, Martha Gorman, Portage, Fall Aspen, Evening Mist, and Ole Liz, and going back to Alablue’s branch to make things right, we will also include Jaconet, since she appears not only as the sixth dam of Alablue, but also in the pedigrees of Audience and Martha Gorman through Sir Dixon.

In later stories, we will pick up the thread of the Jaconet branches and finish up Maggie B. B.’s story as it should always have been told.  For now, it’s a good feeling to have her on the Reine-de-Course list.  It wouldn’t have been a bad idea to have started with her years ago!

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The following was published after the above as an addition to the Maggie B. B. Jaconet branch under the heading Maggie B. B. Part II

The remarkable contributions of Maggie B. B. would not be complete without a further discussion of the Jaconet branch of her family.  While we covered some members of this portion of “Maggie”‘s family in the January 2003 Pedlines story on Alablue, the Jaconet branch contains many other important animals.

The majority of the best runners descending from Jaconet are detailed in the accompanying chart, but four special horses deserve to have their stories told because of the impact they had on racing history.  Two of these (Lawrin and Faultless) were classic winners, trained respectively by B. A. “Plain Ben” Jones and his son, H. A. “Jimmy” Jones.

Yet another (Idun) was a high-priced yearling who lived up to her promise at the track only to disappoint as a producer and the last of these, classic winner Summer Guest, was an outstanding runner who also became a fine producer.

Lawrin, Faultless and Idun all descended from the mare Margaret Lawrence, whose fourth dam was Maggie B. B.  Margaret Lawrence was acquired for $2,200 by Lawrin’s breeder, H. M. Woolf, at Senator J. W. Bailey’s dispersal in Lexington in 1929.  The last foal of her dam, Bohemia, she was bred by W. L. Simmons at Ash Grove Stud.  Woolf, who also owned Lawrin’s sire, Insco, matched his prize stallion with Margaret Lawrence in order to produce the 1938 Derby winner.

Lawrin would probably be pretty much forgotten had he not been the answer to the trivia questions “Who was the first Derby winner trained by Ben Jones”? and “Who was Eddie Arcaro’s first Derby winning mount?”  One supposes a Derby winner could be remembered for far less important contributions to the history books!

Nonetheless, Lawrin defeated a very good field, including three horses  who would become important sires:  Menow (sire of Tom Fool); Bull Lea (sire of Citation, Two Lea and many more); and Fighting Fox (sire of Crafty Admiral and Bold Irish among others).

Lawrin himself was not a successful sire (he sired only 90 foals, two of which won stakes and both of which were geldings).  However, he was cursed with belonging to the sire line of the ‘wrong brother’.  Lawrin’s grandsire, *Sir Gallahad III, was best known as a broodmare sire, while his contemporary Bull Lea was by *Sir Gallahad III’s full brother *Bull Dog, a faster specimen who got some successful sons as well as good broodmare daughters.

Lawrin was the first and remains the only Kentucky Derby winner to be foaled in Kansas and he forms one half of a remarkable pair.  His full sister, Inscolassie won the 1940 Kentucky Oaks.  To the best of our knowledge, this is the only set of full siblings ever to accomplish this task.

It was not, however, for the classic winners to carry on the family line, but rather their stakes winning full sister Unerring to advance the family into the next generation, and my did she do it with style!  Like Lawrin before her, Unerring was trained by Ben Jones, who conditioned Herbert Woolf’s horses at the time.

When Jones left Woolf to go to work for Calumet, he did not forget about Unerring and suggested to Calumet owner Warren Wright that he purchase her as a broodmare.  Thus Lawrin’s full sister would go to the court of a horse he conquered in the Kentucky Derby (Bull Lea) and the pair would produce another classic winner in 1947 Preakness victor Faultless.

Faultless, like so many sons of the great Bull Lea, was a runner from the outset.  He did not win stakes at two, but at three he quickly established himself as a serious Kentucky Derby candidate with wins in the Flamingo, Blue Grass and Derby Trial.  Despite his good early record, however, he went off third choice to Jet Pilot and Phalanx.  On an off track, Faultless ran third, beaten just two heads for all the money by the top pair.

Two weeks later at Pimlico, the track was fast and Faultless was held off the pace, made a sustained move through the field commencing at the half mile and won by a half length from On Trust with Phalanx and Jet Pilot third and fourth.

Prior to the Belmont, Faultless ran in and won the Withers, and the race may have been one too many.  In the Belmont, Faultless was favored (Jet Pilot had been injured in the Withers and subsequently retired) and he made a move to look a threat at the top of the stretch.  But he suddenly could find no more, and as he faded back to fifth, so did his chances for year end honors.

Faultless ran two more years.  At four, he won the Gallant Fox Handicap and placed in two other races and at five he took the Tropical Handicap and placed in the Widener and three lesser stakes.  He retired to stud with 13 wins in 46 starts and earnings of more than $300,000.

As a sire, he was a pretty typical son of Bull Lea, which is to say he was a disappointment.  From 196 foals, he got 10 stakes winners, none of them outstanding, but his exploits at the track had still raised his granddam Margaret Lawrence to heights few broodmares ever achieve.  And she was not quite finished.

In 1950, Unerring foaled her last offspring and only filly (she produced but three foals).  This was Tige O’myheart, a full sister to Faultless who won just one race in 14 starts.

Tige O’myheart raced in Calumet’s colors but was sold privately to Californian Neil S. McCarthy.  McCarthy, who imported *Royal Charger, tried racing the filly a little longer, but she clearly belonged in claiming company and was too valuable to risk in such contests.

McCarthy finally sold Tige O’myheart to Leslie Combs II and John W. Hanes.  Her new owners sent her to McCarthy’s *Royal Charger her first year as a broodmare and she produced Idun on April 14, 1955.

The handsome bay filly was sold to Mrs. Charles Ulrick Bay for $63,000, then a record price for a yearling filly, at Keeneland the following August.  The filly’s unusual name was given her by a most unusual owner.

Mrs. Bay and her late husband, who was a senior partner in the Wall Street firm of A. M. Kidder, had lived in Scandanavia when Mr. Bay was serving as U. S. Ambassador to Norway.  While there, they became intrigued with the local myths and legends of the Norse gods and later used these names for their racehorses.  Mrs. Bay reserved the name “Idun” (pronounced E-Doon) for a special filly, as the Norse Idun was the goddess of spring and keeper of the golden apples which carried the secret of eternal youth.

In the *Royal Charger-Tige O’myheart filly, Mrs. Bay found such a deserving individual.  Trainer Sherrill Ward described her in horseman’s terms:  “No matter where you put her feet, you could not make her stand wrong.”

It took the record-priced filly named after a Norse diety the minimum number of starts to show her worth.  Joe A. Estes wrote of her in the 1957 American Racing Manual, “Her racing record was singularly uncomplicated; she simply finished in front in all her races except the first one, and she won that by disqualification.”  In due course, she was named champion two-year-old filly and since Mrs. Bay had been named president and chairman of the board of her husband’s Wall Street company, she issued the following resolution:

“WHEREAS the filly IDUN, an outstanding performer in the Bay stable, has established a World’s Record for gross earnings as a two-year-old and

WHEREAS these earnings of $223,940 were achieved in a total time of nine minutes twenty-eight and three-fifth seconds…

BE it therefore resolved that the Executive Committee of A. M. KIDDER AND CO., INC. is pleased to elect said filly IDUN an honorary Vice President with the hope that this recognition will serve as an inspiration to all producers of the firm who are now dragging their feet.”

Idun returned at three to again earn a championship.  She was not unbeaten this season, but nontheless won the Gazelle and Mother Goose and placed in the Delaware Oaks and Roamer Handicap (the latter against colts).

She ran one more year, again winning stakes, the most important of which was the Maskette and retired with 17 wins in 30 starts and earnings of almost $400,000.  Much was expected of her as a broodmare.

Mrs. Bay (then Mrs. C. Michael Paul) sold Idun privately to Darby Dan Farm in 1961.  For the Kentucky nursery, she produced nine foals, only one of which, Ben Adhem by *Ribot, became a stakes winner.  In all fairness to Idun, she was a problem mare.  From 1964 to 1969 she was either barren or lost foals.  She had four more barren years prior to her death as well.

In addition, Idun produced only three daughters.  Her first foal, Bless Swaps by Swaps, was a winner.  While no great shakes as a producer herself, Bless Swaps does have a good producing granddaughter in Forty Nine Sunsets (Sailor-Her Ideal by *Gallant Man-Bless Swaps).  Forty Nine Sunsets, herself a Grade 3 winner, produced two stakes winners in Silver Sunsets ($471,858) and Made Glorious ($141,525).

Idun’s second daughter, Verana by Summer Tan, was a winner and her family has been largely responsible for hurdlers in Europe.

Third daughter Monochrome by Graustark had a Zeddan daughter named Monogram who was British-foaled and imported to New Zealand, where she has been responsible for a couple of stakes horses and one stakes producer.

There are a lot of young mares out there who trace to Idun.  If an owner should happen across one and recognize what he really has, perhaps he will take the time to breed her accordingly and help to effect a revival of this wonderful family.  We’ll be watching.

Paul Mellon’s Rokeby Stud has given us too many good horses to count – Mill Reef was the farm’s master work, but other fine ones like Java Gold, Sea Hero, and Arts and Letters all wore the grey and gold with distinction.  Unlike those champions, Summer Guest was not a Rokeby homebred.

Summer Guest descended from Alabama Stakes winner Sicily (eighth dam Maggie B. B.) via Kentucky Oaks winner Suntica and Gino Patty.  Sicily was bred by Cold Stream Stud and was consigned to the 1943 Meadow Brook yearling sale where she was purchased for $2,700 by Preston Burch, whose son Elliott Burch would train her granddaughter Summer Guest.

Sicily’s dam, Gino Patty, was purchased by Coldstream for $1,500 from the Willis Sharpe Kilmer dispersal in 1940.  Unraced, Gino Patty was still a valuable broodmare prospect due to her Oaks winning dam and family background tracing, of course, to Maggie B. B.

After Sicily’s racing career, she was purchased by John S. Phipps and leased for a time to Capt. Harry F. Guggenheim, who bred her *Nasrullah stakes winner Flying Fury (Champagne Stakes).  Phipps, however, bred Summer Guest’s dam, the Heliopolis filly Cee Zee, who won a division of the Gazelle Stakes.  Phipps son Michael G. bred Island Ruler, dam of Gentleman James, from Sicily and stakes winner Suspicious before she was acquired by Charles W. Englehard.  The mare died in 1965.

Cee Zee ultimately ended up in the hands of another Phipps relation, Hubert, and raced in their Rockburn Farm colors.  The filly’s name derived from a family nickname.  When Hubert Phipps died in 1969, Cee Zee and her weanling filly were sold in his estate dispersal at the Keeneland fall mixed sale.

There Cee Zee was acquired by George Steinbrenner for $9,000 and her filly by Native Charger was purchased for $12,500 by the White Oaks farm of Mr. and Mrs. S. H. Rogers Jr.

The filly was then resold at Saratoga in 1970 where she was purchased by Elliott Burch for Rokeby Stable for $40,000 and was named Summer Guest.

For Rokeby, Summer Guest was a redoubtable runner of extreme class.  She made 42 starts, winning 23 and placing 16 more times, earning $480,760.  Among her more important victories were the Coaching Club American Oaks, the Monmouth Oaks, the  Alabama Stakes, the Black-Eyed Susan Stakes, and the Hempstead Handicap at three and she placed in the Woodward to colts.

At four, she won the Grey Lag and Bowling Green handicaps against males and placed in the Delaware and Top Flight Handicaps and at five she won the Spinster and placed in the Delaware and Bed o’Roses Handicaps.

Once at stud, Summer Guest did not immediately establish herself as a major producer.  However, her second foal, the winning Key to the Mint filly Golden Summer, is doing very nicely.  Her first foal, the Secretariat filly Summer Secretary, is a multiple graded stakes winner of over $500,000 and she is already a stakes producer.  Golden Summer has also produced the Northjet (IRE) colt Jessie Jet, a stakes winner who has earned over $200,000.

Summer Guest’s best racing daughter, Key Witness, a full sister to Golden Summer, did not win stakes but placed in the Queen Charlotte and Molly Pitcher (G2).  She has produced two graded stakes winners:  Suburban (G1) winner Key contender by Fit to Fight and Top Flight and John A. Morris (G1) winner You’d Be Surprised by Blushing Groom.  She also has a stakes placed colt by Forty Niner in Argentina.

Rose Diamond, a stakes placed filly by Diamond Shoal, ran third in the Coaching Club American Oaks and is just getting started as a broodmare.  She has produced winners by Deputy Minister and Seeking the Gold and it is early enough in her career to believe she is quite capable of still producing a major runner.

So we come full-circle with Maggie B. B.  Have we done her justice?  Hardly.  Maggie B. B. deserves a book.  But by highlighting some of the special horses who have helped make up her history, we hope we have shown just how long her family has been contributing to American racing.

The Jaconet branch’s strongest and most consist producing branch is no doubt Alablue.  However, Sicily’s family is still quite strong, as Summer Guest’s story suggests, Mitterand is doing well and Let Me Linger’s daughters may still have something to contribute.  In addition, we still come across Sadair’s name in pedigrees and Idun’s full brother, Irish Lancer, can be found in the pedigree of Corporate Report to name only one contemporary horse.

For the present, new Reines from this part of Maggie B. B.’s family are Sanfara, Sicily and Margaret Lawrence.  We hope Mitterand continues her contribution so we can reassess that group of mares in the next few years as well.

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