Our new Reine-de-Course, *Monade, was imported by Robert J. Kleberg Jr.’s King Ranch in 1964.  Purchased from Greek shipping magnate G. P. Goulandris, in whose colors she raced, *Monade was bred by M. Achille Fould, a former French Minister of Agriculture.  Fould sold the filly at Saint-Cloud along with two colts due to a severe illness.  It could  not have been an easy sale for him.  Fould had been developing the family since he purchased *Monade’s third dam, Mortagne, at the 1922 Deauville Sales.

Everything about *Monade’s pedigree is French.  She was one of only seven foals from the first crop of her sire, Klairon, a French Two Thousand Guineas winner.  Klairon was a Herod descendent who was inbred to English Triple Crown winner Gay Crusader and he descended from the great sire-producing family of Marchetta (Alycidon, *Turn-to, *Ambiorix, *My Babu, Irish River).

Klarion was also inbred to the great mare Kizil Kourgan, winner of a French Triple Crown of sorts (the French One Thousand Guineas, the French Oaks and the Grand Prix de Paris) and her full sister Kizil Sou.

 Adding the Bottom Line

When Klarion was bred to *Monade’s dam, Mormyre by Atys, the following inbreeding and linebreeding showed up:  5 x 3 to double Arc winner Ksar via son Tourbillon and daughter Morkande.  Ksar’s sire Chouberski then appears three times via Ksar x2 and a daughter cross, Karabe.

French Derby winner Alcantara II is 4 x 5 via son Kantar and daughter Marmara II and then Kizil Kourgan x2/Kizil Sou line up. Canterbury Pilgrim x2/Loved One are 7 x 5 x 6, Teddy is 6 x 4 via daughter Coeur A Coeur and son Asterus.  Further, dam Mormyre is inbred to Sundridge via sons and there is a 6 x 5 cross of half sisters St. Celestra and L’etoile.

The bottom line is that Klairon fortified and balanced all the best lines in Mormyre’s pedigree.  The overall lineage is chock-full of the very best classic blood available at the time on the European continent.

Putting The Pedigree To Work

The unquestionable quality of *Monade’s pedigree earned her two championships, one in England and one in France, both at the age of three.  Overall, she won the Prix des Foales, Epsom Oaks, Prix Penelope, Prix Vermeille, Prix de Pomone, La Coupe de Maisons-Laffitte and Prix de Paques while racing through her five-year-old year.

She also ran second in the Prix Yacowlef, Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe, Prix d’Ispahan, Prix Jacques Le Marois and Prix Ganay and third in the Prix Herod, Prix Jacques Le Marois and Prix Messidor.  A French raider for the English Derby, she was in essence, very much a French mare.

Kleberg actually tried *Monade in the U. S.  She won one of six races in the King Ranch colors, but American dirt racing did not suit her.  Her job had been done on her native soil.

 The Contribution

There is nothing nicer a mare can bring to the breeding shed than a beautifully composed pedigree and a good race record unless – and of course this is of the utmost importance – it is a superior tail-female line.  In this regard only was *Monade lacking, for she was the first superior runner in her family in many a year.

The dark bay mare did, in fact, hail from Family No. 13, one of the many “Royal Mare” families.  This is the same family from whence Frizette descends (hers is branch 13-C) but *Monade’s branch, tracing to Tight-Fit (GB) has little to recommend it other than *Monade’s heirs, a little remembered Santa Anita Handicap winner named Moonrush and Group 2 winner Miss Dan, out of a half sister to Monade named Miraloma (FR).

Given the overall “Boussac look” *Monade brought to her pedigree, combining Herod lines with Teddy, it had to have been a challenge to choose her mates – at least in the beginning.  Now with 20-20 hindsight we know, as odd as it sounds, that a Dr. Fager/Blushing Groom contribution is the ‘key’.

What on earth might an All-American boy like Dr. Fager have that would fit a French-bred English classic winner?  Oh, he certainly contributed some raw American speed lines like Domino and King James.  But he did not stop there.

Dr. Fager continued the Teddy linebreeding, only using the faster, American-favoring strain of *Bull Dog x2, then he adds a Frizette line via Frizzle to cross on Banshee in Tourbillon and also gives us a Sainfoin cross to go with a double of his full sister, Sierra, who appears in the bottom half of *Monade’s pedigree.

Blushing Groom also added a *Bull Dog cross, a daughter line of Sundridge for balance and a Ksar daughter line via Wild Risk as well.  In addition, his Ultimus line via Menow crossed back well on Dr. Fager.

Finally, his double of Phalaris would set up *Monade’s descendents from this cross for more and more speed as the evolving racing scene required, and would thus allow her lineage to blend well with such sires as Mr. Prospector, Danzig, Capote and the like to continue the line.  It is this strategy, rather than using stouter blood, which has caused the Remedia branch to blossom.

The Future

There is little doubt that the majority of *Monade’s future lies in the Remedia branch from which Queena and Chic Shirine descend.  The remaining branches have had the occasional star, but only Remedia has produced consistent quality.

This year we lost Chic Shirine, but she left behind a good producing daughter in Tara Roma, who has already gotten a G1 daughter, Serra Lake.  Sadly, Tara Roma did not produce a foal in either 2002 or 2003.  But Chic Shirine has a 2004 filly by Giant’s Causeway and a 2000 winning filly by A. P. Indy (thus a three-quarter sister to Serra Lake) who could also found a branch.

Champion Queena has run rather hot and cold.  Her daughter La Reine by A. P. Indy is a G3 winner and is too young to have produced any foals.  But there is also a 2003 filly by A. P. Indy which has yet to race and a winning Storm Cat daughter named Panthera who may make a contribution.

Unfortunately, some of the branches have had bad luck or have ended up in regional markets or lesser countries.  Though we always hope for the best, we can but check back at a later date to assess the progress of these offshoots.

Thus for the time being, *Monade herself and her daughter Remedia will be the lone Reine-de-Course representatives from this family.  There is a strong possibility that Chic Shirine will also be named before too much longer, but we would like to see her have two graded producing daughters before taking that step.

Nothing suits us better than adding a classic winner to the fold.  In this instance, the classic winner may well be good enough to save a flagging family from which we would hear very little without her contribution.

Family 13-D