Blind Date, Raise You, Vaila
Perhaps the most amazing thing about studying pedigrees is how often one comes full circle. In other words, the best breeders of their day have left behind gifts even they probably did not imagine and few have left more than Col. E. R. Bradley, who bred the majority of *La Troienne's daughters.
*La Troienne alone would have been gift enough, but Bradley's fabulous "B"'s -
The subject of this article, Padua, was purchased (along with several other English-
Two of the mares that Hammond purchased were descendents of little bay Padua, a daughter of Uncas or Thurio and a half sister to Wreath, second dam of 1908 Irish Derby winner Wild Bouquet. Padua was bred by Mr. R. H. Combe in whose colors she raced. Although her sire (provided we accept that it was Thurio) was a great racehorse but a poor sire and her dam won nothing of note, Padua was a relatively good runner.
Though she did not win stakes, she proved a tough mare, racing 40 times in all and winning six races from five to 12 furlongs. Overall, her record was one of substance and versatility rather than brilliance and her produce record was similar: She got 11 winners from 13 foals.
Hammond did not buy the best of Padua's produce. One purchase, her daughter *Padula, was by the indifferent sire Laveno. She could not run and had produced nothing of note, but five generations later, she became the tail-
Padua's granddaughter, *Vaila, was out of the mediocre race mare Padilla and was sired by yet another bad stallion, Macheath. *Valia, however, could run, winning the Moulton Stakes and placing in the important Cheveley Park S., Atalanta and Falmouth Stakes. She became the second dam of Blue Larkspur.
Though Blue Larkspur never sired a son good enough to carry on his male line, he was a tremendous broodmare sire (Myrtlewood alone would put any broodmare sire on the map) and is, in fact, a classic Chef-
Blue Larkspur is frequently found in multiples in today's pedigrees. One recent example is another classic Chef-
What makes Roberto's inbreeding to Blue Larkspur so intriguing is the pedigree of Blue Larkspur himself, who was inbred 2 x 3 to half sisters Padula and Padilla, both daughters of Padua of course. Therefore, Roberto's pedigree holds four lines of Padua, which accounts for her third prominent appearance in the pedigree of a major sire. The same is true of another son of Hail To Reason, Halo, who is also sex-
There are many other examples, such as Green Dancer, Meadowlake (who also has a cross of Raise a Native) and Private Account, yet without trying very hard, we find Padua involved in the pedigrees of four extremely important progenitors, all of them designated Chefs-
Blue Larkspur and Raise a Native are not the only good sires who are direct descendents of Padua. Indeed, Hopeful and Bahamas Stakes winner Relic is an excellent sire member of this family.
Relic actually has more in common with Blue Larkspur than just Padua. Blue Larkspur is by Black Servant by Black Toney. Black Toney is the sire of Relic's dam, Bridal Colors. Blue Larkspur is out of Valia's daughter Blossom Time; Relic is out of her daughter Bridal Colors.
In essence, when Blue Larkspur and Relic are combined in a pedigree, the close common relationship between Blue Larkspur and Relic's dam works as a very good inbreeding tool. One of the best and most recent examples of this is 1997 Triple Crown star Free House, who is inbred to Blue Larkspur and Relic on a 7 x 7 x 7 x 5 cross. (His broodmare sire, Vigors, is 5 x 3 to Blue Larkspur/Relic and sire Smokester has two crosses of Blue Larkspur).
Because Relic was sent to France at the age of five, we do not have as much of his blood as we do of another War Relic son, Intent (paternal grandsire of In Reality). However, Relic did leave behind Olden Times, a top-
Relic's blood is more plentiful in European-
One of Relic's best American broodmare daughters was Chappaquiddick, a full sister to Pieces of Eight, and dam of Grade 1 winners Tiller and Endear. Endear went on to foal double Breeders' Cup mile winner Lure, and his half brother by Devil's Bag, Devil Begone, who stands in Canada.
Another of Relic's European sons, Venture VII, was an excellent racehorse, winning such races as the St. James Palace and Sussex Stakes at a mile. Find him in the pedigree of any Darshaan horse as the sire of second dam Kelty and as the damsire of another good miler, Soviet Star.
Despite the influence of Blue Larkspur and Relic, it is really Raise a Native who 'made' the family. A big, strong horse with a massive hindquarter, Raise a Native was both top-
Because of his speed, Raise a Native was hugely popular from the moment he entered stud and though he continued to infuse the breed with swiftness, when combined with classic mares, he was able to get such good distance horses as Majestic Prince, Alydar and Laomedonte. However, none of his more classic sons is the banner-
For a time, it seemed that Exclusive Native, who sired a stronger, stouter and more capable distance horse, would be the agent by which the Raise a Native line carried on. But two of his best sons, Our Native and Affirmed, never came up with sons who can advance the line another generation.
Thus, it was left to a son who owned an abundance of Raise a Native's long suit, speed, to keep the line alive. He is, of course, Mr. Prospector, a horse who bears little resemblance to his famous grandsire but who has been an veritable stakes-
Because of horses like Raise a Native and Blue Larkspur, Padua's descendents lean toward a larger male than female contribution. However, good fillies like I'm Sweets and Hail A Cab (both Grade I winners) are still in production as are several mares from the Raise You branch of the family, so there is very little doubt that the family's daughter branches still have a future.
Padua's own pedigree looks very strange to modern pedigree students, but it is really a simple compilation of staying blood, classic blood and inbreeding to a female family which would find its way from the Marcel Boussac Stud to Spendthrift Farm. That is the family of Frizette.
Padua is inbred 3 x 4 to the redoubtable three-
Kite's contributions are too huge to cover in one story, but suffice to say she is the eighth dam of Frizette, ancestress of Myrtlewood (and thus Seattle Slew and Mr. Prospector), Dahlia, Tourbillon, Jet Pilot, Vagrancy, Black Tarquin and too many other good ones to name.
Padua also has four crosses of Touchstone, twice winner of the Ascot Gold Cup and the Doncaster Cup, and also a St. Leger winner. In Padua's pedigree, Touchstone is represented by three daughters, Jennala, Phryne and the above-
She is additionally inbred to Doncaster Cup winners Lottery and Tramp and her dam is inbred to Derby and One Thousand Guineas winner Bay Middleton. Padua receives yet another dose of classic blood from Ion, whose second dam Medora is an Oaks winner. Ion appears 4 x 5 via daughter Iodine and son Wild Dayrell.
Again, if we accept that Padua was by Thurio, she was sired by a Grand Prix de Paris winner as well. Because her half sister Wreath was the granddam of 1908 Irish Derby winner Wild Bouquet, one might have thought that her branch of the family would have prospered. But such is not the case.
It is Padua's daughter and grandaughter, exposed to the blood of Col. Bradley's sires and trained in the U. S., that revitalized the clan. And though the family has, of course, gone through many revisions over the years, it is odd to think how stoutly Padua was bred and how very fast Raise A Native's descendents are today.
Perhaps the best news is that the various branches of Padua blend well and do not cause any regression in speed. Meadowlake and Vigors proved this and the further inbreeding of Free House establishes it once and for all.
So with yet another tip of the hat to Col. E. R. Bradley, we name the following new Reines-